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    The secondary metabolite acarbose is used worldwide in the clinical treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. Acarbose is a - glucosidase inhibitor and supports patients to control their blood glucose as well as their serum insulin levels. The secondary metabolite is produced by strains of the class Actinobacteria, in particular from Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110, which is a progenitor of today`s production strains. Moreover, secondary metabolite clusters could also be identified in Streptomyces coelicoflavus ZG0656 as well as Streptomyces glaucescens GLA.O. In this study, the genome S. glaucescens GLA.O with focus on the acarbose biosynthesis cluster (gac-cluster) was analyzed. First, the tetracenomycin C and the 5`-hydroxy streptomycin gene clusters could be described completely. Then the gac gene region in S. glaucescens GLA.O is compared to the other known biosynthesis gene cluster. In comparison to Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110 the gac-cluster showed structural variances, like the missing homolog of the glycosyltransferase AcbD in the whole genome of S. glaucescens GLA.O. Due to the lack of the glycosyltransferase, it was of particular interest whether additional acarviose metabolites other than acarbose could be formed. For detection of acarviose metabolites biosynthesis the supernatant of S. glaucescens GLA.O grown in starch supplemented complex media was harvested at 72 and 96 hours. Although a homolog of the known glycosyltransferase is absent, the LC-MS-supported analysis revealed that a spectrum of acarviose metabolites was formed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Vera Ortseifen, Jörn Kalinowski, Alfred Pühler, Christian Rückert. The complete genome sequence of the actinobacterium Streptomyces glaucescens GLA.O (DSM 40922) carrying gene clusters for the biosynthesis of tetracenomycin C, 5`-hydroxy streptomycin, and acarbose. Journal of biotechnology. 2017 Nov 20;262:84-88


    PMID: 28917933

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