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    Transcription factors (TFs) determine the transcription activity of target genes and play a central role in controlling the transcription in response to various environmental stresses. Three dimensional genome structures such as local loops play a fundamental role in the regulation of transcription, although the link between such structures and the regulation of TF binding to cis-regulatory elements remains to be elucidated. Here, we show that during transcriptional activation of the fission yeast fbp1 gene, binding of Rst2 (a critical C2H2 zinc-finger TF) is mediated by a local loop structure. During fbp1 activation, Rst2 is first recruited to upstream-activating sequence 1 (UAS1), then it subsequently binds to UAS2 (a critical cis-regulatory site located approximately 600 base pairs downstream of UAS1) through a loop structure that brings UAS1 and UAS2 into spatially close proximity. Tup11/12 (the Tup-family corepressors) suppress direct binding of Rst2 to UAS2, but this suppression is counteracted by the recruitment of Rst2 at UAS1 and following delivery to UAS2 through a loop structure. These data demonstrate a previously unappreciated mechanism for the recruitment and expansion of TF-DNA interactions within a promoter mediated by local three-dimensional genome structures and for timely TF-binding via counteractive regulation by the Tup-family corepressors. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.

    Citation

    Ryuta Asada, Miki Umeda, Akira Adachi, Satoshi Senmatsu, Takuya Abe, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Kunihiro Ohta, Charles S Hoffman, Kouji Hirota. Recruitment and delivery of the fission yeast Rst2 transcription factor via a local genome structure counteracts repression by Tup1-family corepressors. Nucleic acids research. 2017 Sep 19;45(16):9361-9371

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    PMID: 28934464

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