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    The adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers, and the effects of A1R on different cancers are pleiotropic. However, the role of A1R in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains not well-known. The expression of A1R in RCC cells was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting analysis. Cell proliferation was detected using an MTT assay and a colony formation assay. Tumor growth was also evaluated in nude mice. Cell invasion and migration were evaluated using a wound healing assay and a transwell assay. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis rates were analyzed by flow cytometry. A1R was the main subtype of ARs and was up-regulated in 786-O and ACHN cells. Functionally, 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX), an A1R antagonist, inhibited RCC cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, DPCPX inhibited RCC cell migration, while N6-Cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), a selective A1 agonist, was able to rescue RCC cell migration. In addition, DPCPX promoted 786-O and ACHN cell apoptosis and induced an S phase cell cycle arrest. Finally, we demonstrated that DPCPX inhibited tumor progression in part via the ERK/JNK pathway. These findings suggest the potentially important role of DPCPX in the control of RCC cell proliferation and migration by regulating the ERK/JNK signaling pathway. The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.


    Yihong Zhou, Liang Tong, Xi Chu, Fei Deng, Jin Tang, Yuxin Tang, Yingbo Dai. The Adenosine A1 Receptor Antagonist DPCPX Inhibits Tumor Progression via the ERK/JNK Pathway in Renal Cell Carcinoma. Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. 2017;43(2):733-742

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    PMID: 28950257

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