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    To study the expression of human lysozyme-like protein 6 (LYZL6) in the male reproductive system and its physiological role. The recombinant P. pastoris strain was cultured and induced with methanol to express LYZL6, followed by purification using chitin affinity chromatography. The bactericidal activity of the recombinant LYZL6 was observed by bilayer agar plate diffusion assay, and then the recombinant protein was used as an immunogen to generate polyclonal antibodies, whose specificity was examined by ELISA. The distribution of LYZL6 in the human tissue and semen was identified by Western blotting and the subcellular localization in the testis was investigated by immunohistochemistry. At pH 5.6, recombinant LYZL6 exhibited a high bacteriolytic activity against M. lysodeikticus. ELISA analysis showed that the anti-LYZL6 polyclonal antibodies could bind the recombinant protein with a high specificity. Western blot manifested the expression of LYZL6 in the testis and epididymis, higher in the former than in the latter. LYZL6 was also detected in the sperm protein extract, while protein bands were not observed in the seminal plasma. Immunodetection with a specific antiserum localized the LYZL6 protein in the late spermatocytes and round spermatids. LYZL6 has a higher bacteriolytic activity under low pH condition and is bound to spermatozoa after secreted in the testicular epithelia, suggesting that LYZL6 could act as a potential hydrolase for carbohydrates in zona pellucida penetration.

    Citation

    Peng Huang, Wen-Shu Li, Zhi-Fang Yang, Yi-Xin Xu, Jian-Ying Bao, Xiao-E Cao, Pei-Hua Zhou, Kun Li, Long Yu. Expression of human lysozyme-like protein 6 in the male reproductive system]. Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology. 2016 Jul;22(7):584-590

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    PMID: 28965373

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