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    Periodontitis is one of the most common infectious diseases globally that, if untreated, leads to destruction of the tooth supporting tissues and finally results in tooth loss. Evidence shows that standard procedures as mechanical root cleaning could be supported by further treatment options such as locally applied substances. Due to gingival crevicular fluid flow, substances are commonly washed out off the periodontal pockets. The evaluation of administration techniques and the development of local drug releasing devices is thus an important aspect in periodontal research. This study describes the development and examination of a new alginate based, biodegradable and easily applicable drug delivery system for chlorhexidine (CHX). Different micro beads were produced and loaded with CHX and the release profiles were investigated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The in vitro-demonstrated release of CHX from alginate based beads shows comparable releasing characteristics as clinically approved systems. Yet many characteristics of this new delivery system show to be favourable for periodontal therapy. Easy application by injection, low production costs and multifunctional adaptions to patient related specifics may improve the usage in routine care.


    Malte Scholz, Thomas Reske, Femke Böhmer, Anne Hornung, Niels Grabow, Hermann Lang. In vitro chlorhexidine release from alginate based microbeads for periodontal therapy. PloS one. 2017;12(10):e0185562

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    PMID: 28973028

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