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Periaxin, a protein of noncompact myelin, is specifically expressed in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). There are two protein isoform L-periaxin and S-Periaxin by alternative splicing of periaxin gene, playing an important role in the initiation of myelin formation. So far, 18 different mutation sites in L-periaxin gene have been found to induce the peripheral demyelinating neurological charcot-marie-tooth diseases subtype 4F (CMT4F). The technique of activation of transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENS) was used to knock out the L-periaxin gene in RSC 96 cell line of Rattus. According to the design principle, the knock-out site of L-periaxin was assured to NLS domain of L-periaxin, which is target sequence of left and right arms of TALEN. The knock-out vectors of TALEN-L and TALEN-R were established and transfected into RSC96 cell. After puromycin screening, L-periaxin was knocked out successfully in RSC96 cell, which is confirmed by DNA sequence. The mutation efficiency is 21.6%. S-periaxin, not L-periaxin can be detected by Western blotting in L-periaxin gene knock-out RSC96 cell. The cell growth rate was decreased and the number of cells in G1 increased and decreased in S phase in L-periaxin gene knock-out RSC96 cell by flow cytometry and MTT assay.


Min Liang, Tingting Peng, Yawei Shi. Establishment of L-periaxin gene knock-out RSC96 cell line]. Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology. 2016 Dec 25;32(12):1735-1744

PMID: 29034641

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