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    Pirarubicin (THP) has shown equal or superior cytotoxicity compared to doxorubicin. One of the main anticancer actions of doxorubicin is believed to be involved in ROS (reactive oxygen species) generation. Therefore, the anticancer mechanisms of THP may involve ROS generation. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanisms of THP-induced apoptosis through ROS generation. We analyzed the apoptotic events induced by THP in HL-60 cells and HP100 cells, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-resistant cells derived from HL-60. The apparent cytotoxicity could be detected at above 0.1 μM in HL-60 cells after 24-h incubation, whereas it was suppressed under these conditions in HP100 cells. In HP100 cells, THP-induced apoptosis, evaluated by DNA ladder formation, H2O2 generation, mitochondrial membrane potential decrease and caspase-3/7 activity, was suppressed or delayed compared to those of HL-60 cells. These findings can be explained by the involvement of H2O2 generation in the THP apoptotic pathway. This is the first report on THP-induced apoptosis through the H2O2 generation. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

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    Hideki Mizutani, Saki Hotta, Ayano Nishimoto, Kenji Ikemura, Daisuke Miyazawa, Yoshiaki Ikeda, Tohru Maeda, Masae Yoshikawa, Yusuke Hiraku, Shosuke Kawanishi. Pirarubicin, an Anthracycline Anticancer Agent, Induces Apoptosis Through Generation of Hydrogen Peroxide. Anticancer research. 2017 Nov;37(11):6063-6069

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    PMID: 29061786

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