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Perilipin1 (PLIN1), a lipid droplet-associated protein, plays an important role in the regulation of lipolysis and lipid storage in adipocytes. PLIN1 has recently been reported to be expressed in macrophages within atheroma plaques, suggesting PLIN1 may play a role in the accumulation of lipids at the arterial wall and in the development of atherosclerosis. To clarify the role of PLIN1 in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, we assessed the progression of atherosclerosis in PLIN1 transgenic mice (Plin1Tg). Plin1Tg were crossed with apolipoprotein E knockout mice (ApoeKO). C57BL/6J mice, ApoeKO and Plin1Tg/ApoeKO received a normal chow diet for 20 weeks. Body weight, gonadal fat mass and plasma lipid concentrations were measured. Aortas were collected for quantification of atheroma lesions and histological analysis by Oil Red O staining. Body weight, gonadal adipose mass and plasma triglyceride concentrations were not significantly different among the three groups. In contrast, the atherosclerotic lesion area was significantly increased in ApoeKO (14.2 ± 3.2%; p < .01) compared with C57BL/6J mice (3.3 ± 1.2%) and Plin1Tg/ApoeKO (5.6 ± 1.9%). Overexpressed PLIN1 in macrophages had a protected role against atheroma progression in ApoeKO in the absence of changes in gonadal fat mass or plasma lipid levels, presumably due to modification of the stability and/or inflammatory profile of macrophages. Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Kohei Yamamoto, Hideaki Miyoshi, Kyu Yong Cho, Akinobu Nakamura, Andrew S Greenberg, Tatsuya Atsumi. Overexpression of perilipin1 protects against atheroma progression in apolipoprotein E knockout mice. Atherosclerosis. 2018 Feb;269:192-196

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PMID: 29407594

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