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Intestinal macrophages are critical for gastrointestinal (GI) homeostasis, but our understanding of their role in regulating intestinal motility is incomplete. Here, we report that CX3C chemokine receptor 1-expressing muscularis macrophages (MMs) were required to maintain normal GI motility. MMs expressed the transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel, which senses thermal, mechanical, and chemical cues. Selective pharmacologic inhibition of TRPV4 or conditional deletion of TRPV4 from macrophages decreased intestinal motility and was sufficient to reverse the GI hypermotility that is associated with chemotherapy treatment. Mechanistically, stimulation of MMs via TRPV4 promoted the release of prostaglandin E2 and elicited colon contraction in a paracrine manner via prostaglandin E receptor signaling in intestinal smooth muscle cells without input from the enteric nervous system. Collectively, our data identify TRPV4-expressing MMs as an essential component required for maintaining normal GI motility and provide potential drug targets for GI motility disorders. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Jialie Luo, Aihua Qian, Landon K Oetjen, Weihua Yu, Pu Yang, Jing Feng, Zili Xie, Shenbin Liu, Shijin Yin, Dari Dryn, Jizhong Cheng, Terrence E Riehl, Alexander V Zholos, William F Stenson, Brian S Kim, Hongzhen Hu. TRPV4 Channel Signaling in Macrophages Promotes Gastrointestinal Motility via Direct Effects on Smooth Muscle Cells. Immunity. 2018 Jul 17;49(1):107-119.e4

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PMID: 29958798

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