Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Genetic testing has uncovered large numbers of variants in the BRCA2 gene for which the clinical significance is unclear. Cancer risk prediction of these variants of uncertain significance (VUS) can be improved by reliable assessment of the extent of impairment of the tumor suppressor function(s) of BRCA2. Here, we evaluated the performance of the mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC)-based functional assay on an extensive set of BRCA2 missense variants. Whereas all 20 nonpathogenic (class 1/2) variants were able to complement the cell lethal phenotype induced by loss of endogenous mouse Brca2, only 1 out of 15 pathogenic (class 4/5) variants (p.Gly2609Asp) was able to do so. However, in this variant the major tumor suppressive activity of BRCA2, i.e., homology directed repair (HDR), was severely abrogated. Among 43 evaluated VUS (class 3), 7 were unable to complement the lethal phenotype of mouse Brca2 loss while 7 other variants displayed a more severe reduction of HDR activity than observed for class 1/ 2 variants. The mESC-based BRCA2 functional assay can reliably determine the functional impact of VUS, distinguish between pathogenic and nonpathogenic variants, and may contribute to improved cancer risk estimation for BRCA2 VUS carriers.


Romy L S Mesman, Fabienne M G R Calléja, Giel Hendriks, Bruno Morolli, Branislav Misovic, Peter Devilee, Christi J van Asperen, Harry Vrieling, Maaike P G Vreeswijk. The functional impact of variants of uncertain significance in BRCA2. Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics. 2019 Feb;21(2):293-302

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 29988080

View Full Text