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    The primary cilium is a microtubule-based organelle that protrudes from the cell surface and plays essential roles in embryonic development. Ciliogenesis begins with the successive fusion of preciliary vesicles to form ciliary vesicles, which then dock onto the distal end of the mother centriole. Rab proteins have been linked to cilia formation in cultured cells, but not yet in vivo In the present study, we demonstrate that endocytic recycling protein Rab34 localizes to cilia, and that its mutation results in significant decrease of ciliogenesis in both cultured cells and mice. Rab34 is required for the successive fusion of preciliary vesicles to generate ciliary vesicles and for the migration of the mother centriole from perinuclear region to plasma membrane. We also show that Rab34 mutant mice exhibit polydactyly, and cleft-lip and -palate. These phenotypes are consistent with observations that nonciliated Rab34 mutant cells fail to respond to Hedgehog signaling and that processing of full-length Gli3 to its C-terminally truncated form is reduced in Rab34 mutant embryos. Therefore, Rab34 is required for an early step of ciliary vesicle formation and Hh signaling in vivo This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper. © 2018. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.


    Shouying Xu, Yang Liu, Qing Meng, Baolin Wang. Rab34 small GTPase is required for Hedgehog signaling and an early step of ciliary vesicle formation in mouse. Journal of cell science. 2018 Nov 08;131(21)

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    PMID: 30301781

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