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The aim of this study was to apply a methodology based on compositional data analysis (CoDA) to categorise glucose profiles obtained from continuous glucose monitoring systems. The methodology proposed considers complete daily glucose profiles obtained from six patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) who had their glucose monitored for eight weeks. The glucose profiles were distributed into the time spent in six different ranges. The time in one day is finite and limited to 24 h, and the times spent in each of these different ranges are co-dependent and carry only relative information; therefore, CoDA is applied to these profiles. A K-means algorithm was applied to the coordinates obtained from the CoDA to obtain different patterns of days for each patient. Groups of days with relatively high time in the hypo and/or hyperglycaemic ranges and with different glucose variability were observed. Using CoDA of time in different ranges, individual glucose profiles were categorised into groups of days, which can be used by physicians to detect the different conditions of patients and personalise patient's insulin therapy according to each group. This approach can be useful to assist physicians and patients in managing the day-to-day variability that hinders glycaemic control.


Lyvia Biagi, Arthur Bertachi, Marga Giménez, Ignacio Conget, Jorge Bondia, Josep Antoni Martín-Fernández, Josep Vehí. Individual categorisation of glucose profiles using compositional data analysis. Statistical methods in medical research. 2019 Dec;28(12):3550-3567

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PMID: 30380996

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