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The anti-apoptotic transmembrane Bax inhibitor motif (TMBIM) containing protein family regulates Ca2+ homeostasis, cell death, and the progression of diseases including cancers. The recent crystal structures of the TMBIM homolog BsYetJ reveal a conserved Asp171-Asp195 dyad that is proposed in regulating a pH-dependent Ca2+ translocation. Here we show that BsYetJ mediates Ca2+ fluxes in permeabilized mammalian cells, and its interaction with Ca2+ is sensitive to protons and other cations. We report crystal structures of BsYetJ in additional states, revealing the flexibility of the dyad in a closed state and a pore-opening mechanism. Functional studies show that the dyad is responsible for both Ca2+ affinity and pH dependence. Computational simulations suggest that protonation of Asp171 weakens its interaction with Arg60, leading to an open state. Our integrated analysis provides insights into the regulation of the BsYetJ Ca2+ channel that may inform understanding of human TMBIM proteins regarding their roles in cell death and diseases. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Gongrui Guo, Min Xu, Yanqi Chang, Tomas Luyten, Bruno Seitaj, Wu Liu, Ping Zhu, Geert Bultynck, Lei Shi, Matthias Quick, Qun Liu. Ion and pH Sensitivity of a TMBIM Ca2+ Channel. Structure (London, England : 1993). 2019 Jun 04;27(6):1013-1021.e3

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PMID: 30930064

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