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    As part of our systematic study on Korean toxic mushrooms, bioactivity-guided fractionation of the MeOH extract of Amanita spissacea (Amanitaceae) fruiting bodies and chemical investigation of its cytotoxic fractions led to the isolation of (9E)-8-oxo-9-octadecenoic acid (1), (10E)-9-oxo-10-octadecenoic acid (2), (9E)-8-oxo-9-octadecenoate methyl ester (3), (9Z)-9-octadecenoate-(2'S)-2',3'-dihydroxypropyl ester (4), (9Z)-9-octadecenoic acid (5), and palmitic acid (6). The structures of the isolates were elucidated by NMR spectroscopic analysis and LC/MS analysis. Among the isolated compounds, compounds 1 and 2 exhibited the most potent cytotoxic activity in all human lung cancer cell lines examined, with IC50 values ranging from 255.7 to 321.0 μM and 250.2 to 322.5 μM, respectively. The cytotoxicity of these compounds was also found to be mediated by apoptosis associated with caspase-3 activation. These findings provide experimental evidence suggesting the potential of A. spissacea as a promising natural source for the discovery of novel anticancer drug candidates.


    Hae Min So, Seul Lee, Kwan-Hyuck Baek, Hyun-Soo Roh, Sil Kim, Mun Seok Jo, Su Cheol Baek, Soonja Seok, Rhim Ryoo, Ki Hyun Kim. Bioactivity-based analysis and chemical characterization of cytotoxic compounds from a poisonous mushroom, Amanita spissacea, in human lung cancer cells in vitro. Natural product research. 2021 Feb;35(4):649-654

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    PMID: 30931629

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