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Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a well-known imprinting disorder arising from a loss of paternally imprinted gene(s) at 15q11.2-q13. We report a typical PWS patient with a balanced reciprocal translocation, 46, XY, t(15;19)(q11.2;q13.3). After Illumina whole-genome sequencing, we used BreakDancer-1.45 software to predict candidate breakpoints and manually investigated via the Integrated Genome Viewer. Breakpoint PCR followed by Sanger sequencing determined the t(15;19) breakpoints. We investigated the expression of upstream/centromeric and downstream/telomeric genes of the 15q11.2 breakpoint by reverse transcriptase PCR, using total RNA extracted from the patient's lymphoblasts. Of note, the expression of paternally expressed genes PWAR6, SNORD109A/B, SNORD116, IPW, and PWAR1, downstream of the breakpoint, was abolished. Interestingly, the breakpoint did not destroy protein coding genes or individual snoRNAs. These results indicate that these genes may play a major role in the PWS phenotype.

Citation

Ming Lei, Satomi Mitsuhashi, Noriko Miyake, Tohru Ohta, Desheng Liang, Lingqian Wu, Naomichi Matsumoto. Translocation breakpoint disrupting the host SNHG14 gene but not coding genes or snoRNAs in typical Prader-Willi syndrome. Journal of human genetics. 2019 Jul;64(7):647-652

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PMID: 30988409

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