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    Bacterial cold shock proteins (CSPs) function as RNA chaperones. To assess CSP's roles in the intracellular human pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium, we analyzed their expression in varied stress conditions. We found that cold shock protein E (cspE or STM14_0732) is up-regulated during bile salt-induced stress and that an S. Typhimurium strain lacking cspE (ΔcspE) displays dose-dependent sensitivity to bile salts, specifically to deoxycholate. We also found that an uncharacterized gene, yciF (STM14_2092), is up-regulated in response to bile stress in WT but not in the ΔcspE strain. Complementation with WT CspE, but not with a F30V CspE variant, abrogated the bile sensitivity of ΔcspE as did multicopy overexpression of yciF. Northern blotting experiments with rifampicin disclosed that the regulation of yciF expression is, most likely, due to the RNA-stabilizing activity of CspE. Importantly, electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that purified CspE, but not the F30V variant, directly binds yciF mRNA. We also observed that the extra-cytoplasmic stress-response (ESR) pathway is augmented in the bile-treated ΔcspE strain, as judged by induction of RpoE regulon genes (rpoE, degP, and rybB) and downstream ESR genes (hfq, rne, and PNPase). Moreover, the transcript levels of the porin genes, ompD, ompF, and ompC, were higher in bile salts-stressed ΔcspE and correlated with higher intracellular accumulation of the fluorescent DNA stain bisBenzimide H 33258, indicating greater cell permeability. In conclusion, our study has identified YciF, a CspE target involved in the regulation of porins and in countering bile stress in S. Typhimurium. © 2019 Ray et al.


    Semanti Ray, Rochelle Da Costa, Mrinmoy Das, Dipankar Nandi. Interplay of cold shock protein E with an uncharacterized protein, YciF, lowers porin expression and enhances bile resistance in Salmonella Typhimurium. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2019 Jun 07;294(23):9084-9099

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    PMID: 30992363

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