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Peptide fragmentation spectra are routinely predicted in the interpretation of mass-spectrometry-based proteomics data. However, the generation of fragment ions has not been understood well enough for scientists to estimate fragment ion intensities accurately. Here, we demonstrate that machine learning can predict peptide fragmentation patterns in mass spectrometers with accuracy within the uncertainty of measurement. Moreover, analysis of our models reveals that peptide fragmentation depends on long-range interactions within a peptide sequence. We illustrate the utility of our models by applying them to the analysis of both data-dependent and data-independent acquisition datasets. In the former case, we observe a q-value-dependent increase in the total number of peptide identifications. In the latter case, we confirm that the use of predicted tandem mass spectrometry spectra is nearly equivalent to the use of spectra from experimental libraries.


Shivani Tiwary, Roie Levy, Petra Gutenbrunner, Favio Salinas Soto, Krishnan K Palaniappan, Laura Deming, Marc Berndl, Arthur Brant, Peter Cimermancic, Jürgen Cox. High-quality MS/MS spectrum prediction for data-dependent and data-independent acquisition data analysis. Nature methods. 2019 Jun;16(6):519-525

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PMID: 31133761

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