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    Myeloid differentiation 1 (MD-1) is a secreted protein that regulates the immune response of B cell through interacting with radioprotective 105 (RP105). Disrupted immune response may contribute to the development of cardiac diseases, while the roles of MD-1 remain elusive. Our studies aimed to explore the functions and molecular mechanisms of MD-1 in obesity-induced cardiomyopathy. H9C2 myocardial cells were treated with free fatty acid (FFA) containing palmitic acid and oleic acid to challenge high-fat stimulation and adenoviruses harbouring human MD-1 coding sequences or shRNA for MD-1 overexpression or knockdown in vitro. MD-1 overexpression or knockdown transgenic mice were generated to assess the effects of MD-1 on high-fat diet (HD) induced cardiomyopathy in vivo. Our results showed that MD-1 was down-regulated in H9C2 cells exposed to FFA stimulation for 48 hours and in obesity mice induced by HD for 20 weeks. Both in vivo and in vitro, silencing of MD-1 accelerated myocardial function injury induced by HD stimulation through increased cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, while overexpression of MD-1 alleviated the effects of HD by inhibiting the process of cardiac remodelling. Moreover, the MAPK and NF-κB pathways were overactivated in MD-1 deficient mice and H9C2 cells after high-fat treatment. Inhibition of MAPK and NF-κB pathways played a cardioprotective role against the adverse effects of MD-1 silencing on high-fat stimulation induced pathological remodelling. In conclusion, MD-1 protected myocardial function against high-fat stimulation induced cardiac pathological remodelling through negative regulation for MAPK/NF-κB signalling pathways, providing feasible strategies for obesity cardiomyopathy. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.


    Cai-Jie Shen, Bin Kong, Wei Shuai, Yu Liu, Guang-Ji Wang, Min Xu, Jing-Jing Zhao, Jin Fang, Hui Fu, Xiao-Bo Jiang, He Huang. Myeloid differentiation protein 1 protected myocardial function against high-fat stimulation induced pathological remodelling. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine. 2019 Aug;23(8):5303-5316

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    PMID: 31140723

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