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von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease has a hereditary, autosomal dominant pattern, and multiple tumors can develop in multiple organs of a single patient. However, the exact mechanisms of tumorigenesis are unclear, and further studies are needed to clarify whether the same signaling pathways are involved in different VHL-related tumors. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) of tumor and paired peripheral blood samples were performed for a VHL disease pedigree. A bioinformatics analysis was conducted to identify candidate somatic single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) present in all tumor tissues. Sanger sequencing was then used to validate the SNVs identified using WES. Immunohistochemistry was performed to analyze components of the mTOR pathway, which was abnormally activated in tumor tissues. Two hemangioblastomas and two renal cell carcinomas were sequenced. The bioinformatics analysis revealed a VHL somatic variant in all tumors; no other SNV was detected. Immunohistochemistry showed the abnormal expression of the phospho-S6 ribosomal protein in the hemangioblastomas, but not in the renal clear cell carcinomas. Except for a SNV in the VHL gene, no other somatic SNVs were detected using WES. The phospho-S6 ribosomal protein in the mTOR pathway is a potential target in VHL-related cerebellum hemangioblastomas. © 2019 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Citation

Xiaopeng Guo, Lu Gao, Xiafei Hong, Dan Guo, Wenyu Di, Xiaoman Wang, Zhiqin Xu, Bing Xing. Whole-exome sequencing and immunohistochemistry findings in von Hippel-Lindau disease. Molecular genetics & genomic medicine. 2019 Sep;7(9):e880

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PMID: 31317677

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