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Mycobacterium tuberculosis l,d-transpeptidases (Ldts), which are involved in cell-wall biosynthesis, have emerged as promising targets for the treatment of tuberculosis. However, an efficient method for testing inhibition of these enzymes is not currently available. We present a fluorescence-based assay for LdtMt2 , which is suitable for high-throughput screening. Two fluorogenic probes were identified that release a fluorophore upon reaction with LdtMt2 , thus making it possible to assess the availability of the catalytic site in the presence of inhibitors. The assay was applied to a panel of β-lactam antibiotics and related inhibitors; the results validate observations that the (carba)penem subclass of β-lactams are more potent Ldt inhibitors than other β-lactam classes, though unexpected variations in potency were observed. The method will enable systematic structure-activity relationship studies on Ldts, thereby facilitating the identification of new antibiotics active against M. tuberculosis. © 2019 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.


Mariska de Munnik, Christopher T Lohans, Gareth W Langley, Corentin Bon, Jürgen Brem, Christopher J Schofield. A Fluorescence-Based Assay for Screening β-Lactams Targeting the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transpeptidase LdtMt2. Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology. 2020 Feb 03;21(3):368-372

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PMID: 31322798

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