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Trichoderma reesei represents one of the most prolific producers of plant cell wall degrading enzymes. Recent research showed broad regulation by phosphorylation in T. reesei, including important transcription factors involved in cellulase regulation. To evaluate factors crucial for changes in these phosphorylation events, we studied non-essential protein phosphatases (PPs) of T. reesei. Viable deletion strains were tested for growth on different carbon sources, osmotic and oxidative stress response, asexual and sexual development, cellulase and protease production as well as secondary metabolism. Six PPs were found to be positive or negative regulators for cellulase production. A correlation of the effects of PPs on protease activities and cellulase activities was not detected. Hierarchical clustering of regulation patterns and phenotypes of deletion indicated functional specialization within PP classes and common as well as variable effects. Our results confirmed the central role of catalytic and regulatory subunits of PP2A which regulates several aspects of cell growth and metabolism. Moreover we show that the additional homologue of PPH5 in Trichoderma spp., PPH5-2 assumes distinct functions in metabolism, development and stress response, different from PPH5. The influence of PPs on both cellulase gene expression and secondary metabolite production support an interrelationship in the underlying regulation mechanisms.


Aroa Rodriguez-Iglesias, Monika Schmoll. Protein phosphatases regulate growth, development, cellulases and secondary metabolism in Trichoderma reesei. Scientific reports. 2019 Jul 29;9(1):10995

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PMID: 31358805

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