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    Recognition of viral dsRNA by Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) leads to the induction of downstream antiviral effectors and the innate antiviral immune response. Here, we identified the zinc-finger FYVE domain-containing protein ZFYVE1, a guanylate-binding protein (GBP), as a positive regulator of TLR3-mediated signaling. Overexpression of ZFYVE1 promoted the transcription of downstream antiviral genes upon stimulation with the synthetic TLR3 ligand poly(I:C). Conversely, ZFYVE1 deficiency had the opposite effect. Zfyve1-/- mice were less susceptible than wild-type mice to inflammatory death induced by poly(I:C) but not LPS. ZFYVE1 was associated with TLR3, and the FYVE domain of ZFYVE1 and the ectodomain of TLR3 were shown to be responsible for their interaction. ZFYVE1 was bound to poly(I:C) and increased the binding affinity of TLR3 to poly(I:C). These findings suggest that ZFYVE1 plays an important role in the TLR3-mediated innate immune and inflammatory responses by promoting the ligand binding of TLR3.


    Xuan Zhong, Lu Feng, Wen-Hua Xu, Xin Wu, Yi-Di Ding, Yan Zhou, Cao-Qi Lei, Hong-Bing Shu. The zinc-finger protein ZFYVE1 modulates TLR3-mediated signaling by facilitating TLR3 ligand binding. Cellular & molecular immunology. 2020 Jul;17(7):741-752

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    PMID: 31388100

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