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    Cadmium(Cd) induces cytotoxicity via autophagy-induced apoptosis in non-activated mouse monocytes; however, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that autophagy induces Fas (CD95/APO-1)-mediated apoptosis by promoting accumulation of p62/SQSTM1 in response to Cd. Cd produced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, peaking at 6 h, and exhibiting a concentration-dependent increase. Immunoblot analysis revealed polyubiquitinated (polyUb) full-length Fas (antibody clone G-9) and reduced cytosolic Fas (antibody clone M-20) in Cd-exposed RAW264.7 cells. The accumulation of polyUb-Fas was transient and positively correlated with polyUb-p62 and polyUb-proteins. Autophagy inhibition via chemical and genetic modulation suppressed Cd-induced polyUb-p62, polyUb-Fas, and polyUb-protein levels, whereas the level of cytosolic Fas recovered to that of the control. Immunofluorescence (IF) staining for full-length Fas, p62, and ubiquitin revealed an aggregated pattern in Cd-induced apoptotic cells, which was inhibited by blocking autophagy. Fas colocalized with microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain (LC)-3B. IF staining and immunoprecipitation assays revealed colocalization and interaction among p62, Ub, and Fas. Knockdown of p62 reduced the binding of Ub and Fas. Together, these data suggest that polyUb-p62 targets Fas and recruits it to autophagosomes, where Fas transiently aggregates to promote apoptosis and is degraded with polyUb-p62. In conclusion, autophagy regulates C-terminal cytosolic Fas aggregation via p62 polyubiquitination, which is required for apoptosis and may play a critical role in the production of select cytokines.

    Citation

    Ki-Tae Jung, Seon-Hee Oh. Polyubiquitination of p62/SQSTM1 is a prerequisite for Fas/CD95 aggregation to promote caspase-dependent apoptosis in cadmium-exposed mouse monocyte RAW264.7 cells. Scientific reports. 2019 Aug 22;9(1):12240

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    PMID: 31439879

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