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    Although accumulating evidence suggests that there are significant anatomical and histological differences between the sulci and gyri of the cerebral cortex, whether there is a difference in the distribution of interneurons between the two cortical regions remains largely unknown. In this study, we systematically compared the distributions of parvalbumin-positive interneurons among three neighboring gyrus and sulcus pairs-coronal gyrus and cruciate sulcus, anterior ectosylvian gyrus and rostral suprasylvian sulcus, and posterior ectosylvian gyrus and pseudosylvian sulcus-in the adult ferret cerebral cortex. We proposed a method to partition sulci and gyri into several specific subregions through the deepest points of the sulci and the highest points of gyri in the inner and outer cortical contours of coronal sections. We found that the density of parvalbumin-positive interneurons in the gyri was significantly higher than that in the sulci. Further study revealed that the density of PV interneurons in superficial cortical layers (layers 2/3 and layer 4) was comparable among the three pairs of sulci and gyri. However, the density of parvalbumin-positive interneurons in cortical layers 5/6 was significantly higher in gyri than in sulci. These results indicate that parvalbumin-positive interneurons are differently distributed in infragranular layers of cortical sulci and gyri.


    Jun-Tao Gao, Yang Liu, Dan Gong, Xian-Min Feng, Peng Wan, Xiao-Feng Luo, Wen-He Zhu, Jian-Cheng Hou, Shi-Jie Lv. Differential distributions of parvalbumin-positive interneurons in the sulci and gyri of the adult ferret cerebral cortex. Neuroreport. 2019 Oct 16;30(15):993-997

    PMID: 31464840

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