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    The evolution in foodstuff-monitoring processes has increased the number of studies on biogenic amines (BAs), in recent years. This trend with future perspective needs to be assembled to address the associated health risks. Thus, this study aims to cover three main aspects of BAs: (i) occurrence, physiology, and toxicological effects, most probable formation mechanisms and factors controlling their growth; (ii) recent advances, strategies for determination, preconcentration steps, model technique, and nature of the matrix; and (iii) milestone, limitations with existing methodologies, future trends, and detailed expected developments for clinical use and on-site ultra-trace determination. The core of the ongoing review will discuss recent trends in pre-concentration toward miniaturization, automation, and possible coupling with electrochemical techniques, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, spectrofluorimetry, and lateral flow protocols to be exploited for the development of rapid, facile, and sensitive on-site determination strategies for BAs.


    Waqas Ahmad, G I Mohammed, D A Al-Eryani, Z M Saigl, A O Alyoubi, H Alwael, A S Bashammakh, C K O'Sullivan, M S El-Shahawi. Biogenic Amines Formation Mechanism and Determination Strategies: Future Challenges and Limitations. Critical reviews in analytical chemistry. 2020;50(6):485-500

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    PMID: 31486337

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