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    Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is a glycoprotein that participates in inflammatory and immune responses. Both cell surface and soluble ICAM-1 are significantly increased during human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and ICAM-1 has important functions in promoting inflammatory responses and enhancing HIV infectivity; however, a comprehensive summary these roles has yet to be elaborated. In this review we describe the general biological characteristics of ICAM-1, its association with HIV disease progression and promotion of HIV production, mechanisms inducing upregulation of ICAM-1, and possible intervention strategies, representing important insights in the context of HIV treatment. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Xiaowen Yu, Hong Shang, Yongjun Jiang. ICAM-1 in HIV infection and underlying mechanisms. Cytokine. 2020 Jan;125:154830

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    PMID: 31491723

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