Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Zinc is important in neurogenesis, but excessive levels can cause apoptosis and other pathologies leading to cognitive impairments. Mast cells are present in many brain regions including the hippocampus, an area rich in vesicular zinc. Mast cells contain zinc-rich granules and a well-developed mechanism for uptake of zinc ions; both features point to the potential for a role in zinc homeostasis. Prior work using the Timm stain supported this hypothesis, as increased labile zinc was detected in the hippocampus of mast cell-deficient mice compared to wild-type mice while no differences in total zinc were found between the two genotypes in the whole brain or other tissues. The current report further examines differences in zinc homeostasis between wild-type and mast cell-deficient mice by exploring the zinc transporter ZnT3, which transports labile zinc into synaptic vesicles. The first study used immunocytochemistry to localize ZnT3 within the mossy fibre layer of the hippocampus to determine whether there was differential expression of ZnT3 in wild-type versus mast cell-deficient mice. The second study used inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to determine total zinc content in the whole dentate gyrus of the two genotypes. The immunocytochemical results indicate that there are higher levels of ZnT3 localized to the mossy fibre layer of the dentate gyrus of mast cell-deficient mice than in wild-type mice. The ICP-MS data reveal no differences in total zinc in dentate gyrus as a whole. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that mast cells participate in zinc homeostasis at the level of synaptic vesicles. © 2019 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Amen Wiqas, Joseph LeSauter, Alana Taub, Rachel Narehood Austin, Rae Silver. Elevated zinc transporter ZnT3 in the dentate gyrus of mast cell-deficient mice. The European journal of neuroscience. 2020 Mar;51(6):1504-1513

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 31502721

View Full Text