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    Mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy are important aspects of mitochondrial quality control, and are linked to neurodegenerative diseases and muscular diseases. Fis1, a protein on the mitochondrial outer membrane, is thought to mediate mitochondrial fission. However, Fis1 null worms and mammalian cells only display mild fission defects but show aberrant mitophagy. To assess Fis1 function in vivo, we generated conditional knock-out Fis1 mice to allow for specific Fis1 deletion in adult skeletal muscle. In the absence of Fis1 in Type I muscle, mitochondrial hyperfusion, respiratory chain deficiency, and increased mitophagy were found. Moreover, abnormal mitophagy was aggravated by endurance exhaustive exercise stress (EEE), suggesting that Fis1 is involved in maintaining normal mitophagy in mitochondria-rich Type I muscle during exercise. Additionally, Fis1 loss induced delayed onset muscle ultrastructure change (DOMUC) in Type I muscle and strong inflammation in response to acute exhaustive exercise (EE). Thus, we identify a role for Fis1 in maintaining normal mitochondrial structure and function at rest and under exercise stress. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. and Mitochondria Research Society. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Zhe Zhang, Danielle A Sliter, Christopher K E Bleck, Shuzhe Ding. Fis1 deficiencies differentially affect mitochondrial quality in skeletal muscle. Mitochondrion. 2019 Nov;49:217-226

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    PMID: 31526891

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