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Chronic pruritus causes major morbidity in epidermolysis bullosa (EB). The substance P-neurokinin 1 receptor (SP-NK1) pathway is a promising target for treating EB-related pruritus. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the oral NK1 receptor antagonist serlopitant in treating moderate-severe pruritus in EB. The study randomized 14 patients to serlopitant or placebo for 8 weeks, followed by a 4-week washout and optional open-label extension. The primary end point was change in itch as measured by the Numeric Rating Scale. Secondary end points were change in itch during dressing changes and wound size. We observed greater itch reduction with serlopitant, equivalent to a 0.64-point comparative reduction on the 11-point Numeric Rating Scale by week 8, although this failed to meet statistical significance (P = .11). More serlopitant patients achieved ≥3-point reduction compared with placebo (43% vs 14%, P = .35). In post hoc analysis excluding 1 patient with a concurrent seborrheic dermatitis flare, serlopitant achieved significantly greater median itch reduction from baseline by week 4 (-2 points vs 0, P = .01). We observed no statistically significant differences in secondary end points. Serlopitant was well-tolerated. Small sample size due to disease rarity. The potential itch reduction with serlopitant observed in this trial will be pursued by a larger powered trial (NCT03836001). Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Albert S Chiou, Sara Choi, Melissa Barriga, Yana Dutt-Singkh, Daniel C Solis, Jaron Nazaroff, Irene Bailey-Healy, Shufeng Li, Kim Shu, Mark Joing, Paul Kwon, Jean Y Tang. Phase 2 trial of a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist for the treatment of chronic itch in patients with epidermolysis bullosa: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2020 Jun;82(6):1415-1421

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PMID: 31541747

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