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Stressful experiences are related to the triggering of anxiety and mood disorders. Tryptophan (amino acid precursor of serotonin synthesis) emerges as important treatment of these disorders. Here, we evaluate the effects of pre-treatment with tryptophan (300 mg/L) and fluoxetine (50 μg/L) in response to acute stress in zebrafish. Overall, acute stress decreased the distance traveled, entries and time in top of tank, as well as increased the cortisol levels, demonstrating an anxiogenic behavior. Tryptophan and fluoxetine prevented anxiogenic effects. This study showed the importance of tryptophan and fluoxetine in the regulation of stress and anxiety-like behavior in adult zebrafish. Collectively, our data support tryptophan effects on stress responses in zebrafish and reinforce the growing utility of this aquatic model to screen CNS therapies. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ana C V V Giacomini, Audren S Piassetta, Rafael Genario, Carla D Bonan, Angelo Piato, Leonardo J G Barcellos, Murilo S de Abreu. Tryptophan alleviates neuroendocrine and behavioral responses to stress in zebrafish. Behavioural brain research. 2020 Jan 27;378:112264

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PMID: 31568833

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