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Better understanding of pathophysiological changes, induced by left bundle branch block (LBBB), may improve patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Therefore, we assessed the effect of LBBB on regional glucose metabolism, 13N-NH3-derived absolute and semiquantitative myocardial blood flow (MBF), and their relation in non-ischemic CRT candidates. Twenty-five consecutive non-ischemic patients with LBBB underwent 18F-FDG and resting dynamic 13N-NH3 PET/CT prior to CRT implantation. Regional 18F-FDG uptake, absolute MBF, and late 13N-NH3 uptake were analyzed and corresponding septal-to-lateral wall ratios (SLR) were calculated. Segmental analysis was performed to evaluate "reverse mismatch," "mismatch," and "match" patterns, based on late 13N-NH3/18F-FDG uptake ratios. A significantly lower 18F-FDG uptake was observed in the septum compared to the lateral wall (SLR 0.53 ± 0.17). A similar pattern was observed for MBF (SLR 0.68 ± 0.18), whereas late 13N-NH3 uptake showed a homogeneous distribution (SLR 0.96 ± 0.13). 13N-NH3/18F-FDG "mismatch" and "reverse mismatch" segments were predominantly present in the lateral (52%) and septal wall (61%), respectively. Non-ischemic CRT candidates with LBBB demonstrate lower glucose uptake and absolute MBF in the septum compared to the lateral wall. However, late static 13N-NH3 uptake showed a homogenous distribution, reflecting a composite measure of altered regional MBF and metabolism, induced by LBBB. © 2019. American Society of Nuclear Cardiology.


Ganna Degtiarova, Piet Claus, Jürgen Duchenne, Georg Schramm, Johan Nuyts, Hein J Verberne, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Olivier Gheysens. Impact of left bundle branch block on myocardial perfusion and metabolism: A positron emission tomography study. Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology. 2021 Aug;28(4):1730-1739

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PMID: 31578659

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