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    Dart1-24, one of the 37 autonomous DNA transposon Dart1s, was heritably activated by the demethylation of the 5' region following 5-azaC treatment of rice seeds. Transposons are controlled by epigenetic regulations. To obtain newly activated autonomous elements of Dart1, a DNA transposon, in rice, seeds of a stable pale yellow leaf (pyl-stb) mutant caused by the insertion of nDart1-0, a nonautonomous element in OsClpP5, were treated with 5-azaC, a demethylating agent. In the 5-azaC-treated M1 plants, 60-70% of the plants displayed variegated pale yellow leaf (pyl-v) phenotype, depending on the concentration of 5-azaC used, suggesting that inactivated Dart1 might become highly activated by 5-azaC treatment and nDart1-0 was excised from OsClpP5 by the activated Dart1s. Although the M2 plants derived from most of these pyl-v plants showed stable pyl phenotypes, some variegated M1 plants generated pyl-v M2 progeny. These results indicated that most M1 pyl-v phenotypes at M1 were not heritable. Dart1-24, 1-27 and 1-28 were expressed in the M2 pyl-v plants, and mapping analysis confirmed that Dart1-24 was newly activated. Further, the transgenerational activation of Dart1-24 was demonstrated to be caused by the demethylation of nucleotides in its 5' region.


    Hideki Nishimura, Eiko Himi, Chang-Ho Eun, Hidekazu Takahashi, Qian Qian, Kazuo Tsugane, Masahiko Maekawa. Transgenerational activation of an autonomous DNA transposon, Dart1-24, by 5-azaC treatment in rice. TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik. 2019 Dec;132(12):3347-3355

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    PMID: 31583438

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