Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • behavior (1)
  • brain (3)
  • case reports (1)
  • corpus callosum (9)
  • cytokines (2)
  • diagnosis (2)
  • diseases and (2)
  • edema (3)
  • humans (1)
  • prognosis (2)
  • signals (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The presence of isolated, reversible lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) is essential to confirm the diagnosis of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy. The lesions usually heal within a month after the onset of neurological symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has increasingly been used as a diagnostic tool, which has led to the publication of an increasing number of case reports. These have highlighted some inconsistencies about encephalitis/encephalopathy. First, the condition is not always mild and may be severe. Second, reversible lesions in the SCC have been identified in various diseases and conditions other than viral encephalitis/encephalopathy. Third, lesions in SCC are not always completely reversible. On this note, this review describes the specific clinical and radiological features of encephalitis/encephalopathy. The reversible lesion in SCC is an MRI finding observable in a wide variety of diseases and conditions. Thus, it should be considered as a secondary change rather than a peculiar feature associated with mild encephalitis/encephalopathy. If reversible lesions are present in the SCC, the symptoms and prognosis are not necessarily favorable, with manifestations of encephalitis/encephalopathy varying from absent to severe. Neuroradiological features that appear as isolated high-intensity signals on diffusion-weighted images and a decreased apparent diffusion coefficient of the lesion might indicate a diagnosis of cytotoxic edema. Findings of previous studies suggest that cytokine-mediated cytotoxic edema of the SCC may be an important pathophysiological manifestation of this condition. The reversible lesions in the SCC found on MRI are not exclusive to encephalitis/encephalopathy but may be secondary to other disorders. © 2019 The Authors. Brain and Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


    Syuichi Tetsuka. Reversible lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum. Brain and behavior. 2019 Nov;9(11):e01440

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 31588684

    View Full Text