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Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) are important factors that increase bone resorption and hypercalcemia in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). We investigated the role of PTHrP and MIP-1α in the development of local osteolytic lesions in T-cell leukemia through overexpression in Jurkat T-cells. Injections of Jurkat-PTHrP and Jurkat-MIP-1α into the tibia and the left ventricle of NSG mice were performed to evaluate tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Jurkat-pcDNA tibial neoplasms grew at a significantly greater rate and total tibial tumor burden was significantly greater than Jurkat-PTHrP neoplasms. Despite the lower tibial tumor burden, Jurkat-PTHrP bone neoplasms had significantly greater osteolysis than Jurkat-pcDNA and Jurkat-MIP-1α neoplasms. Jurkat-PTHrP and Jurkat-pcDNA cells preferentially metastasized to bone following intracardiac injection, though the overall metastatic burden was lower in Jurkat-PTHrP mice. These findings demonstrate that PTHrP induced pathologic osteolysis in T-cell leukemia but did not increase the incidence of skeletal metastasis.

Citation

Nicole A Kohart, Said M Elshafae, Aylin A Demirer, Wessel P Dirksen, Justin T Breitbach, Sherry T Shu, Jingyu Xiang, Katherine N Weilbaecher, Thomas J Rosol. Parathyroid hormone-related protein promotes bone loss in T-cell leukemia as well as in solid tumors. Leukemia & lymphoma. 2020 Feb;61(2):409-419

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PMID: 31592701

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