Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Chlorophyll triplet excited states are byproducts of photosynthetic processes that can indirectly harm biological membranes by forming highly reactive oxygen species. A crucial photoprotective mechanism evolved by plants to counter this threat involves the triplet energy transfer from chlorophylls to carotenoid molecules, in which triplet states are not reactive. In the major light-harvesting complex of photosystem II (LHCII), the two central luteins play an important role in the mechanism, but it has been shown that carotenoid triplets are formed even when other carotenoids replace them in their binding sites. In this work, we have investigated carotenoid triplet formation in LHCII isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana npq1lut2 plants, in which violaxanthin replaces lutein. Although transient absorption spectroscopy showed altered singlet excited-state dynamics in the mutant LHCII without lutein, these antennae formed carotenoid triplets that were spectrally and dynamically identical to the wild-type protein. We conclude that lutein-binding sites in LHCII have conserved characteristics to ensure efficient triplet energy transfer to the carotenoid molecules that they accommodate, making the identity of the carotenoid trivial per se.


Francesco Saccon, Milan Durchan, Radek Kaňa, Ondřej Prášil, Alexander V Ruban, Tomáš Polívka. Spectroscopic Properties of Violaxanthin and Lutein Triplet States in LHCII are Independent of Carotenoid Composition. The journal of physical chemistry. B. 2019 Nov 07;123(44):9312-9320

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 31599594

View Full Text