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There are discrepancies in the diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in Spain and Latin America. The aim of the present study was to find out how Spanish and Latin American pediatric gastroenterologists diagnose and treat CMPA. Pediatric gastroenterologists, members of the Sociedad Latinoamericana de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Nutrición, were invited to fill out a structured survey, the results of which were then compared with the 2012 and 2014 diagnosis and treatment guidelines, respectively. The survey results showed that 17% of the participants follow the diagnostic recommendations based on the published consensus and guidelines. To diagnose non-IgE-mediated CMPA, 15% of the participants utilize IgE-specific skin prick tests, 22% use IgE-specific blood tests, and 45% employ oral food challenges. To diagnose IgE-mediated CMPA the percentages for the same diagnostic methods were 57, 83 and 22%, respectively. Once diagnosis is confirmed, 98% of the participants provide dietary recommendations. In children that are not breastfed, 89% of the participants prescribe an initial extensively hydrolyzed formula, 9% an amino acid formula, 1% a soy formula, and 1% a hydrolyzed rice formula. In patients with IgE-mediated CMPA, 34% of the participants carry out an oral challenge once treatment is completed, 39% according to symptom severity, and 27% in relation to IgE-specific testing. CMPA management is diverse and there is poor adherence to the clinical practice guidelines. Copyright © 2019 Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.


M C Toca, E Roman-Riechmann, R Vázquez-Frías, M Batista de Morais, P Sosa, C Boggio-Marzet, D Becker, L Delgado, S Marchisone, en representación del Grupo de Trabajo de Alergia Alimentaria de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Nutrición Pediátrica. A Latin American and Spanish pediatric gastroenterology group's understanding of cow's milk protein allergy diagnosis and treatment: Results of a survey by the Food Allergy Working Group of the Sociedad Latinoamericana de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Nutrición Pediátrica. Revista de gastroenterologia de Mexico (English). 2020 Oct - Dec;85(4):382-389

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PMID: 31623948

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