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    During tobacco and e-cigarette use, nicotine is mainly metabolized in the human liver by cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6). Given that a slower CYP2A6 metabolism has been associated with less vulnerability to develop nicotine dependence, the current studies sought to validate a novel CYP2A6 inhibitor, (5-(4-ethylpyridin-3-yl)thiophen-2-yl)methanamine (DLCI-1), for its effects on intravenous nicotine self-administration. Male and female mice were trained to self-administer nicotine across daily sessions. Once stable responding was achieved, DLCI-1 or vehicle control was administered prior to nicotine sessions. We found that the lower 25 mg/kg and moderate 50 mg/kg doses of DLCI-1 induced a significant decrease in nicotine intake for both males and females. DLCI-1 was further shown to be more effective than a moderate 1 mg/kg dose of bupropion on reducing nicotine intake and did not exert the adverse behavioral effects found with a high 75 mg/kg dose of bupropion. Although mice treated with DLCI-1 self-administered significantly less nicotine, similar nicotine-mediated behavioral effects on locomotion were observed. Together, along with the analysis of nicotine metabolites during self-administration, these findings support the contention that blocking hepatic nicotine metabolism would allow for similar activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at lower nicotine doses. Moreover, these effects of DLCI-1 were specific to nicotine self-administration, as DLCI-1 did not result in any behavioral changes during food self-administration. Taken together, these studies validate DLCI-1 as a novel compound to decrease nicotine consumption, which may thereby promote tobacco and nicotine product cessation. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Current pharmacological approaches for nicotine and tobacco cessation have only been able to achieve limited efficaciousness in promoting long-term abstinence. In this work, we characterize the effects of a novel compound, (5-(4-ethylpyridin-3-yl)thiophen-2-yl)methanamine (DLCI-1), which inhibits the main enzyme that metabolizes nicotine, and we report a significant decrease in intravenous nicotine self-administration in male and female mice, supporting the potential of DLCI-1 as a novel tobacco cessation pharmacotherapeutic. Copyright © 2019 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.


    Yen-Chu Chen, James P Fowler, Jing Wang, Christy J W Watson, Yasmine Sherafat, Andres Staben, Philip Lazarus, Travis T Denton, Christie D Fowler. The Novel CYP2A6 Inhibitor, DLCI-1, Decreases Nicotine Self-Administration in Mice. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics. 2020 Jan;372(1):21-29

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    PMID: 31628204

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