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    GWAS-identified 10q22.3 loci with lead SNP rs704017 are significantly associated with CRC risk in both Asian and European populations. However, the functional mechanism of this region is unclear. In this study, we performed a fine-mapping analysis to identify the causal SNPs. To identify potential functional SNPs in linkage disequilibrium with the lead SNP, we searched for the potential target genes using a Hi-C database and an RNA interfering-based on-chip approach. The results indicated that rs12263636 (r2 = 0.41) showed the highest potential to be functional. It resided in a region with enhancer markers and a topologically associating domain. We found that RPS24 was the only gene that significantly promoted the proliferation rate of CRC cells and might have promoter-enhancer interaction with rs12263636. Dual-luciferase reporter assays confirmed that the risk alleles of two variants (rs3740253 and rs7071351) in RPS24 promoter could increase the expression of luciferase. Case control study consisting of 1134 cases and 2039 health controls confirmed that both the two variants were associated with risk of CRC (rs3740253: P = 0.0079, OR = 1.15, 95% CI 1.04-1.28; rs7071351: P = 0.0085, OR = 1.15, 95% CI 1.04-1.28). And plasmid containing mutant haplotypes containing all the three mutations (rs12263636 or rs3740253 and rs7071351) could most significantly increase luciferase expression, compared with any haplotype of the three mutations. The study explained the functional mechanism for the 10q22.3 loci and provided new insights into the prevention and treatment of CRC.


    Danyi Zou, Hongli Zhang, Juntao Ke, Jiaoyuan Li, Ying Zhu, Yajie Gong, Yang Yang, Jianbo Tian, Yi Zhang, Xiating Peng, Kailin Cai, Rong Zhong, Jiang Chang, Xiaoping Miao. Three functional variants were identified to affect RPS24 expression and significantly associated with risk of colorectal cancer. Archives of toxicology. 2020 Jan;94(1):295-303

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    PMID: 31642979

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