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Lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR)/angulin-1 is a crucial molecule of tricellular contacts in the epithelial barrier of normal cells and the malignancy of cancer cells. To investigate whether LSR/angulin-1 affects the epithelial barrier and malignancy in human pancreatic cancer, human pancreatic cancer cell line HPAC was used. Treatment with EGF or TGF-β increased the expression of LSR, but not tricellulin (TRIC), and induced the localization of LSR and TRIC to bicellular tight junctions from tricellular tight junctions. TGF-β receptor type-1 inhibitor EW-7197 prevented changes of the distribution and the barrier function of LSR by TGF-β. Knockdown of LSR increased cell migration, invasion, proliferation and EGF ligand amphiregulin expression and decreased the epithelial barrier. Treatment with amphiregulin induced cell migration and invasion and knockdown of amphiregulin prevented the increases of cell migration, invasion and proliferation caused by knockdown of LSR. Treatment with LSR ligand peptide angubindin-1 decreased the epithelial barrier and the expression of LSR, but not TRIC, and increased cell invasion. Knockdown of TRIC decreased cell migration and the epithelial barrier. In immunohistochemical analysis of human pancreatic cancer tissues, LSR and TRIC were found to be localized at the cell membranes of normal pancreatic ducts and well-differentiated pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC), whereas in poorly differentiated PDAC, LSR was weakly detected in the cytoplasm. Amphiregulin was highly expressed in the cytoplasm of well- and poorly differentiated PDAC. In pancreatic cancer, LSR contributes to the epithelial barrier and malignancy via growth factors and may be a potential targeting molecule in the therapy.

Citation

Takuro Kyuno, Daisuke Kyuno, Takayuki Kohno, Takumi Konno, Shin Kikuchi, Chihiro Arimoto, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Masafumi Imamura, Yasutoshi Kimura, Masuo Kondoh, Ichiro Takemasa, Takashi Kojima. Tricellular tight junction protein LSR/angulin-1 contributes to the epithelial barrier and malignancy in human pancreatic cancer cell line. Histochemistry and cell biology. 2020 Jan;153(1):5-16

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PMID: 31650247

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