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    Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) is an adhesion and signaling receptor that is expressed on endothelial and hematopoietic cells and plays important roles in angiogenesis, vascular permeability, and regulation of cellular responsiveness. To better understanding the tissue specificity of PECAM-1 functions, we generated mice in which PECAM1, the gene encoding PECAM-1, could be conditionally knocked out. A targeting construct was created that contains loxP sites flanking PECAM1 exons 1 and 2 and a neomycin resistance gene flanked by flippase recognition target (FRT) sites that was positioned upstream of the 3' loxP site. The targeting construct was electroporated into C57BL/6 embryonic stem (ES) cells, and correctly targeted ES cells were injected into C57BL/6 blastocysts, which were implanted into pseudo-pregnant females. Resulting chimeric animals were bred with transgenic mice expressing Flippase 1 (FLP1) to remove the FRT-flanked neomycin resistance gene and mice heterozygous for the floxed PECAM1 allele were bred with each other to obtain homozygous PECAM1 flox/flox offspring, which expressed PECAM-1 at normal levels and had no overt phenotype. PECAM1 flox/flox mice were bred with mice expressing Cre recombinase under the control of the SRY-box containing gene 2 (Sox2Cre) promoter to delete the floxed PECAM1 allele in offspring (Sox2Cre;PECAM1 del/WT ), which were crossbred to generate Sox2Cre; PECAM1 del/del offspring. Sox2Cre; PECAM1 del/del mice recapitulated the phenotype of conventional global PECAM-1 knockout mice. PECAM1 flox/flox mice will be useful for studying distinct roles of PECAM-1 in tissue specific contexts and to gain insights into the roles that PECAM-1 plays in blood and vascular cell function. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


    Huiying Zhi, Taisuke Kanaji, Guoping Fu, Debra K Newman, Peter J Newman. Generation of PECAM-1 (CD31) conditional knockout mice. Genesis (New York, N.Y. : 2000). 2020 Feb;58(2):e23346

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    PMID: 31729819

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