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Recent studies have demonstrated that hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) produced through the activity of l-cysteine desulfhydrase (DES1) is an important gaseous signaling molecule in plants that could participate in abscisic acid (ABA)-induced stomatal closure. However, the coupling of the DES1/H2 S signaling pathways to guard cell movement has not been thoroughly elucidated. The results presented here provide genetic evidence for a physiologically relevant signaling pathway that governs guard cell in situ DES1/H2 S function in stomatal closure. We discovered that ABA-activated DES1 produces H2 S in guard cells. The impaired guard cell ABA phenotype of the des1 mutant can be fully complemented when DES1/H2 S function has been specifically rescued in guard cells and epidermal cells, but not mesophyll cells. This research further characterized DES1/H2 S function in the regulation of LONG HYPOCOTYL1 (HY1, a member of the heme oxygenase family) signaling. ABA-induced DES1 expression and H2 S production are hyper-activated in the hy1 mutant, both of which can be fully abolished by the addition of H2 S scavenger. Impaired guard cell ABA phenotype of des1/hy1 can be restored by H2 S donors. Taken together, this research indicated that guard cell in situ DES1 function is involved in ABA-induced stomatal closure, which also acts as a pivotal hub in regulating HY1 signaling. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Jing Zhang, Mingjian Zhou, Zhenglin Ge, Jie Shen, Can Zhou, Cecilia Gotor, Luis C Romero, Xingliang Duan, Xin Liu, Deliang Wu, Xianchao Yin, Yanjie Xie. Abscisic acid-triggered guard cell l-cysteine desulfhydrase function and in situ hydrogen sulfide production contributes to heme oxygenase-modulated stomatal closure. Plant, cell & environment. 2020 Mar;43(3):624-636

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PMID: 31734942

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