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The aim of the present study was to determine the recovery of embryonic structures (ova/embryos) and fertilization rate in superovulated buffaloes treated with PGF2α during the periovulatory period. On day 0 (D0), buffaloes at random stages of the estrous cycle were treated with an intravaginal progesterone device (P4; 1.0 g) and estradiol benzoate (EB, 2.0 mg i.m.). From D4 to D7, all buffaloes received i.m. FSH (200 mg total) twice-daily over 4 days in decreasing doses. On D6 and D7, the animals were given PGF2α analogue (0.53 mg i.m. sodium cloprostenol) and the P4 device was removed on D7. On D8, all buffaloes received GnRH (20 μg i.m. buserelin acetate). Buffaloes were then randomly allocated to one of three groups: control (Group C, n = 18), no further treatment; PGF2α analogue injection (Group IM-PGF; n = 18), four injections (0.53 mg i.m. sodium cloprostenol) 12 h apart, from D8 to D10; PGF2α analogue osmotic pump (Group OP-PGF; n = 18), s.c. osmotic mini-pump (2.12 mg sodium cloprostenol) from D8 to D10. The study had a crossover design (three treatments x three replicates). All animals underwent timed AI, 12 and 24 h after treatment with GnRH. Embryonic structures were recovered on D14. Ovarian ultrasonography was used on D8 and D14 to record follicular superstimulation and superovulatory responses. Blood samples were obtained on Days 7, 8, 9 and 10 to measure circulating concentrations of P4, E2 and PGFM. Data were analyzed by GLIMMIX procedure of SAS®. There was no effect (P = 0.58) of treatment on the total number of embryonic structures (Group C, 2.1 ± 0.8; Group IM-PGF, 2.1 ± 0.6; Group OP-PGF, 1.4 ± 0.4). There was also no effect (P = 0.93) of treatment on the recovery rate of embryonic structures (oocytes and embryos D14/CL D14). The fertilization rate was higher (P = 0.04) in Groups IM-PGF (84.6%) and OP-PGF (88.0%), which did not differ, than Group C (63.2%). The viable embryos rate was greater (P < 0.01) for Groups IM-PGF (82.0%) and OP-PGF (88.0%) than Group C (52.6%). There was no interaction between treatment and time and treatment effects for P4, E2 and PGFM concentrations. The findings showed that treatment with PGF2α during the periovulatory period has potential to increase fertilization rate and embryo production in superovulated buffaloes. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Júlia Gleyci Soares de Carvalho, Nelcio Antonio Tonizza de Carvalho, Diego Cavalcante de Souza, Benedicto Martins Júnior, Gustavo Guerino Macedo, Lais Mendes Vieira, José Nelio de Sousa Sales, Sarvpreet Singh Ghuman, Michael John D'Occhio, Pietro Sampaio Baruselli. Administration of PGF2α during the periovulatory period increased fertilization rate in superovulated buffaloes. Theriogenology. 2020 Mar 15;145:138-143

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PMID: 31757482

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