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It was previously reported that tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac) inhibits angiogenesis by binding to the cell surface receptor for thyroid hormone on integrin αVβ3. Therefore, we synthesized and evaluated two 64Cu-labeled tetrac derivatives and a Cy5.5-labeled tetrac derivative for tumor angiogenesis imaging. Tetrac was structurally modified to conjugate with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N″,N″'-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) via its hydroxy or carboxylic acid end, and the resulting DOTA-conjugated tetrac derivatives were then labeled with 64Cu. Tetrac was also conjugated with Cy5.5 via its carboxylic acid end. All three tetrac derivatives (1-3) exhibited greater inhibitory activity than tetrac against endothelial cell tube formation. The U87MG cell binding of [64Cu]2 showed a time-dependent increase over 24 h and it was inhibited by 38% at 4 h in the presence of tetrac, indicating specificity of [64Cu]2 to the thyroid hormone receptor site on integrin αVβ3. Positron emission tomography (PET) images of U87MG tumor-bearing mice injected with [64Cu]1 and [64Cu]2 revealed that high radioactivity accumulated in the tumors, and that the tumor uptake and tumor-to-nontarget uptake ratio were higher in small tumors than in large tumors. In addition, the Cy5.5-labeled tetrac derivative (3) displayed a strong near-infrared (NIR) signal in the tumors. Taken together, these results suggest that these ligands hold promise as imaging agents for visualization of tumor angiogenesis. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Hyunjung Kim, Hyun-Jung Koo, Jinhee Ahn, Jung Young Kim, Joon Young Choi, Kyung-Han Lee, Byung-Tae Kim, Yearn Seong Choe. Synthesis and characterization of 64Cu- and Cy5.5-labeled tetraiodothyroacetic acid derivatives for tumor angiogenesis imaging. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry. 2020 Jan 01;28(1):115212

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PMID: 31761727

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