Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

We present the reader with insight on the most common disorders of the knee in newborns and infants. Knee issues in this population may confuse the first contact physicians due to certain peculiarities of the immature immune system, small size and underdevelopment of joint anatomy. Data presented here are recent and significant, and something to bear in mind when caring for children of this age. With the advent of new diagnostic methods, a shift in the causative agent of pediatric knee infections has been noted. Minimally invasive methods such as arthrocentesis and arthroscopy are successfully employed in treatment of knee problems in newborns and infants. A trial of conservative therapy in congenital patellar instability can give good results, and obviate the need for surgery in some cases. Various syndromes that affect the knee have specific characteristics that need to be recognized early to avoid problems in the future. Although rare, knee problems in infants can and do occur. Their cause varies significantly and good outcomes require a multidisciplinary approach. Early diagnosis, referral and initiation of treatment protocols can significantly influence the fate of the joint and with it the patients' functional status for life.


Ozren Kubat, Josip Vlaić, Darko Antičević. Knee orthopedic problems in newborns and infancy: a review. Current opinion in pediatrics. 2020 Feb;32(1):113-119

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

PMID: 31789974

View Full Text