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Opacification of the posterior capsule caused by residual lens epithelial cells (LEC) is still the most frequent long-term complication of cataract surgery. Beside the opacification of the visual axis with posterior capsule opacification (PCO), resulting in a decrease in visual function, fibrotic changes may also have a mechanical effect on intraocular lens (IOL) position such as axial shift, decentration, tilt and capsule striae. In this article, two types of capsular fibrosis are explored, on the one hand the anterior capsule fibrosis and on the other hand PCO. Results from clinical trials concerning their causes, natural course, incidence, influencing factors and possible methods of prophylaxis are presented.


Andreea D Fișuș, Oliver Findl. Capsular fibrosis: a review of prevention methods and management. Eye (London, England). 2020 Feb;34(2):256-262

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PMID: 31804626

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