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    Protein C deficiency is a heritable thrombophilia caused by numerous different genetic alterations in the protein C (PROC) gene. We aimed to identify variants causing protein C deficiency in a Danish population. Sanger sequencing of the PROC gene was performed in 20 probands and 26 relatives. In total, 30participants were previously diagnosed with protein C deficiency. Protein C activity was measured by a chromogenic substrate method (N = 40) and antigen level by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (N = 26). Ten different single nucleotide variants were detected in 13 probands (65%) and in seven of the relatives previously diagnosed with protein C deficiency. Five variants were novel. The median protein C activity level was lower in participants with an identified variant (50% (range: 38-75%)) than in protein C deficient participants without a variant (65% (range: 36-73%); P = 0.18). A protein C activity of 57% resulted in the highest detection rate (12/13 (92%)). Likewise, the median antigen level was lower in participants with detectable variants than in participants without (49% (range: 35-99%) vs 70% (range: 41-101%); P = 0.09). No difference was found in venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevalence comparing participants with (12/20 (60%)) and without (7/10 (70%)) a variant (P = 0.59). In a Danish population, a PROC gene variant was identified in 67% of participants previously diagnosed with protein C deficiency. Five variants were novel. The study confirmed an association between biochemical severity and the presence of a PROC gene variant. The VTE risk did not seem to differ between protein C deficient participants with and without a variant. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    Citation

    Anne Winther-Larsen, Alisa D Kjaergaard, Ole H Larsen, Anne-Mette Hvas, Peter H Nissen. Protein C deficiency; PROC gene variants in a Danish population. Thrombosis research. 2020 Jan;185:153-159

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    PMID: 31821907

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