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Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is a major Ca2+ influx pathway that is controlled by the ER Ca2+ sensor STIM1. Abnormal activation of STIM1 directly influences Ca2+ influx, resulting in severe diseases such as Stormorken syndrome. The inactivation domain of STIM1 (IDstim) has been identified as being essential for Ca2+-dependent inactivation of STIM1 (CDI) after SOCE occurs. However, it is unknown whether IDstim is involved in keeping STIM1 inactive before CDI. Herein, we show that IDstim helps STIM1 keep inactive through intramolecular binding with the coiled-coil domain. Between IDstim and the coiled-coil domain, we found a short conserved linker whose extension or mutation leads to the constitutive activation of STIM1. We have demonstrated that IDstim needs the coiled-coil domain 1 (CC1) to inhibit the Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) activation domain (CAD) activity and binds to a CC1-CAD fragment. Serial deletion of CC1 revealed that CC1α1 is a co-inhibitory domain of IDstim. CC1α1 deletion or leucine mutation, which abolishes the closed conformation, impaired the inhibitory effect and binding of IDstim. These results suggest that IDstim cooperates with CC1α1 to help STIM1 keep inactive under resting conditions. © 2020. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.


Sang Kwon Lee, Min-Hsun Lee, Su Ji Jeong, Xianan Qin, Ah Reum Lee, Hyokeun Park, Chan Young Park. The inactivation domain of STIM1 acts through intramolecular binding to the coiled-coil domain in the resting state. Journal of cell science. 2020 Jan 08;133(1)

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PMID: 31831524

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