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To evaluate which ocular axis, the corneal topographic axis (CTA), pupillary axis (PA) or line of sight (LOS), for measuring the tilt and decentration of intraocular lens (IOL) is most relevant to correct distance visual acuity (CDVA). A Scheimpflug device (Pentacam HR) was prospectively used to determine the tilt and decentration of IOLs in vivo 3 months after cataract surgery. A new method was developed to reliably measure PA and LOS. We further evaluated CTA and then used Spearman correlation coefficient and linear regression to assess the correlation between CDVA and IOL displacement based on the data of three different ocular axes. Forty-six eyes from 46 patients were evaluated. The majority of decentration and tilt of IOL with reference to CTA, PA and LOS were towards the subtemporal direction. We found that the horizontal meridian data measured using CTA and PA were statistically significantly different (p = 0.011 for tilt; p = 0.005 for decentration). The correlation between CDVA and the distance of decentration temporally (r = -0.344, p = 0.035) and inferiorly (r = -0.336, p = 0.042) of the IOL with regard to CTA was significant. PA and LOS measurements had no correlation with any indices. Assessment of tilt and decentration of the IOL with reference to different ocular axes was markedly different. IOL tilt and decentration measured by CTA were significantly correlated with CDVA. © 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Fan Zhang, Jian Zhang, Wei Li, Lin Zhou, Di Feng, Haixia Zhang, Wei Fang, Ran Sun, Zhicheng Liu. Correlative Comparison of Three Ocular Axes to Tilt and Decentration of Intraocular Lens and Their Effects on Visual Acuity. Ophthalmic research. 2020;63(2):165-173

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PMID: 31846979

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