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Objective: Preeclampsia is a common disorder of pregnancy, causing significant morbidity and mortality for mothers and infants. Several molecules, including glycosylated fibronectin (GlyFn), the inhibin-related proteins, anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), and the insulin-like growth factor axis, are altered in maternal plasma in the setting of preeclampsia; however, these molecules have not been previously measured in cord blood of infants born to mothers with preeclampsia, which may represent changes in fetal physiology. We evaluated potential biomarkers of preeclampsia in umbilical cord blood to fill the gap in knowledge. Methods: This is a case-control study of 196 neonates born at a tertiary teaching hospital in Boston from 2010-2017. Forty-nine neonates born to mothers with preeclampsia were matched 1:3 by gestational age, sex, and birth weight z-score with 147 controls. Eleven analytes were measured in cord blood by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate associations between preeclampsia and analytes. Results: Mean cord blood levels of GlyFn and total inhibin were significantly lower in neonates born to mothers with preeclampsia compared to controls, and AMH levels were significantly higher in males born to mothers with preeclampsia than male controls. Associations remained significant after controlling for maternal and neonatal characteristics. Conclusion: Cord blood levels of GlyFn and inhibin are decreased and AMH (male) levels are increased in infants of preeclamptic mothers, which is opposite the pattern these biomarkers show in serum of mothers with preeclampsia. These molecules may be important in the pathophysiology and long-term effects of preeclampsia on the developing fetus. Abbreviations: AMH = anti-müllerian hormone; ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; GlyFn = glycosylated fibronectin; IGF = insulin-like growth factor; IGFBP5 = insulin-like growth factor binding protein 5; LOD = limit of detection; PAPP-A = pregnancy-associated plasma protein A; PAPP-A2 = pregnancy-associated plasma protein A2.

Citation

Bridget DiPrisco, Ajay Kumar, Bhanu Kalra, Gopal V Savjani, Zoe Michael, Olivia Farr, Aimilia Eirini Papathanasiou, Helen Christou, Christos S Mantzoros. GLYCOSYLATED FIBRONECTIN AND INHIBIN ARE LOWER AND ANTI-MÜLLERIAN HORMONE IS HIGHER IN UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD WHEN MOTHERS HAVE PREECLAMPSIA. Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. 2020 Mar;26(3):318-327

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PMID: 31859547

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