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    Autoimmune Hemolytic anemia (AIHA) a relatively uncommon form of hemolytic anemia in children, occurs due to the premature destruction of red blood cells caused by presence of autoantibodies directed against antigens on RBCs. Warm reactive AIHA is the most common form due to IgG isotype of immunoglobulin class binding to autologous RBCs at 370C and confirmed with a positive DAT screening. We present a case of DAT-negative primary warm AIHA in an infant due to IgA antibody. A 10 month old male infant presented with dark colored urine and irritability for past two months, with associated history of fever, diarrhea and vomiting. He had received one red cell transfusion 10 days prior. On physical examination he had pallor with tachycardia without splenomegaly. On investigation his hemoglobin was 5.8 g/dl, WBC 25.9 × 103/mm3 and normal platelets counts. Peripheral blood smear had spherocytes and biochemical values showed high bilirubin and LDH. Immunohematological work up revelaed polyspecific DAT was negative but monospecific DAT screening showed strong (4+) positivity for IgA and a weak IgG positivity. The patient was diagnosed as IgA-mediated Warm AIHA and was started on prednisolone at 2 mg/kg/day following which hemoglobin improved over the next 2 months. After 2 weeks, prednisolone was tapered and stopped by the end of 3 months. Patients with clinical and laboratory evidence of acute hemolysis, an additional screening for IgA antibody may be done even in cases where poly-specific DAT is negative. Early detection helps in avoiding further investigations and provide efficient management. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Nita Radhakrishnan, Seema Dua, Satyam Arora. IgA-mediated autoimmune hemolytic anemia in an infant. Transfusion and apheresis science : official journal of the World Apheresis Association : official journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis. 2020 Apr;59(2):102695

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    PMID: 31862428

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